Black Cherry

Prunus serotina

Among the cherries of eastern North America, in fact any cherries across the world, black cherry is by far the largest; however, due to high value of its wood for the furniture industry, the oldest and largest cherry trees have been taken down, so mature cherries with their black, exfoliating bark are rather infrequent, and the real giants (up to 100 ft!) are now close to impossible to find. As a shrub or small tree, black cherry remains common in dry oak/hickory/pine woods and elsewhere in the open and keeps playing an important role as a source of food for a variety of wildlife: many non-game birds, squirrel, turkey, mice and moles feed on its astringent fruit; white-tailed deer and rabbits munch on seedlings; eastern tent caterpillars defoliate young trees; caterpillars of North America's giant silkmoth (Hyalophora cecropia) also favor black cherry. Songbirds distribute black cherry seeds in their droppings or by regurgitation. Foxes also distribute seeds in their droppings. The Latin epithet "serotina" translates as "late," emphasizing the fact that flowers of black cherry emerge after the leaves and much later in the season than those of other cherries. Whenever you wish to confirm your identification of black cherry, just turn the leaf upside down and observe its underside. You would see conspicuous, dense and short reddish-brown or whitish "woolly" hairs along a part of the midrib.

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May 29

August 16

Eastern tent caterpillars on black cherry, May 2